At a meeting in the Government, the Minister of Nature Management and Ecology of Bashkiria Ural Iskandarov spoke about the main environmental problems of the region.
He said that in terms of emissions of pollutants following the results of last year, Bashkortostan ranked 8th among the constituent entities of Russia. The cities with the most polluted atmosphere are the industrial cities of Ufa, Sterlitamak and Salavat. The capital is most susceptible to the negative impact of the activities of three Ufa oil refineries and the Ufaorgsintez plant. The ecology of Sterlitamak is negatively affected by the activities of the Bashkir Soda Company, enterprises of the TAU group, and in Salavat - Gazprom neftekhim Salavat.
Today, almost all enterprises that form the basis of the republic's economy require modernization of production, the minister noted:
"The President of the country indicated In his Address that the regions should switch to a quota system for emissions of pollutants. To switch to this system, the republic must organize a summary calculation of emissions for each city, while simultaneously developing a modern air monitoring system. Our monitoring is developing through the construction of automated air pollution control stations. There is some groundwork, but their number is not enough, it is necessary to build 11 more stations in total.
The negative legacy of the USSR in the republic is the objects of accumulated environmental damage. One of such objects is the territory of the former JSC "Ufakhimprom". 143 hectares of land contaminated with toxic substances, buildings and 8 sludge collectors should be restored, where 412 thousand cubic meters of industrial waste, including dioxins, have been accumulated. For the implementation of measures to eliminate the accumulated harm, it is planned to involve the "Federal Environmental Operator" as the sole contractor. On April 16 this year, a letter signed by the Head of Bashkortostan was sent to the President of Russia. "
A number of pressing issues with water pollution also require solutions, Ural Iskandarov added:
"The Bashkir Soda Company makes the greatest contribution to the pollution of water resources, the share of polluted waste waters of which is 83% of the total mass of pollutants discharged in the republic. This is due to the ineffective operation of the White Seas sludge collectors, which cannot cope with wastewater treatment. It is necessary to resolve the issue with the "White Seas"; reconstruction, liquidation or other solution is required. BSC started to develop design documentation for the elimination of the White Seas and the Tsvetaevsky industrial waste landfill. It is necessary for other owners of waste disposal facilities to become more active in this direction."
In addition, in the republic today, a big problem is the discharge of polluted wastewater from enterprises of the housing and utility sector due to ineffective work or the complete absence of sewage treatment facilities. According to the Ministry of Housing and Utility Services of the Republic of Bashkortostan, the wear and tear of the existing treatment facilities is 77% on average. Treatment facilities are absent in 12 districts. That is, the discharge of wastewater from settlements in these areas is carried out without treatment.
On April 28-29, Svetlana Radionova, head of the Federal Service for Supervision of Natural Resources, will pay a working visit to Bashkortostan. It is planned that she will visit a number of industrial facilities of the republic in Ufa, Salavat, Uchaly. The regional authorities consider the visit of the head of Rosprirodnadzor as an additional opportunity to attract federal funds to the solution of environmental problems.