The digitalization of cities is one of the essential factors in improving the transport system and urban economy efficiency. Olga Sarapulova, the advisor to the Head of Bashkortostan on the development of public space and urban environment, explained that two national projects are being implemented in the region: Housing and Urban Environment and Digital Economy, at the junction of which the Smart City project was created. Until 2024, it is planned to invest about 13 billion rubles in it. The purpose of the investments is to increase the competitiveness of cities, the formation of a public transport and urban management system to improve the comfort and safety of residents.
One of the most promising topics is the introduction of smart digital technologies in the field of public transport. As explained by VEB experts, it involves several components: analysis of traffic flows, organization of control and management systems, transfer of the work of private carriers to a contract basis.
Currently, several projects in the field of urban digitalization are being implemented in Ufa. The City Navigation and Information System for Vehicle Monitoring (City NIS) operates. The servers and software of Ufagortrans company allow monitoring and processing information simultaneously from 10 thousand vehicles, which creates a good potential for development.
Satellite monitoring allows monitoring transport while driving along routes, generating reports on the mileage, receiving images from connected video cameras, and generalizing information based on data from passenger traffic sensors. The system is also of great importance for passengers: from a computer or any smartphone on a special website or using a mobile application, for example, Yandex Transport, you can see the location of a bus, trolleybus, or tram and find out when it will come to a stop.
Another Smart City project is related to the creation of an intelligent adaptive traffic control system (ATCS) in Ufa, which has been underway for several years. It consists of traffic detectors, traffic light control systems, and software that can regulate their operation based on an analysis of the current traffic situation.
In the future, such digital solutions can be implemented in other cities of Bashkortostan.
These issues were discussed within the section “Digital Solutions for Comfortable Cities”. It was attended by a member of the council of the Moscow regional branch of Delovaya Rossiya, director of Urbantech JSC Andrey Denisenkov, blogger and urbanist Alexey Radchenko, director of digital tourism development at Digital Platforms and Smart City Solutions JSC Andrey Suleikov, head of Sibaysky PJSC Bashinformsvyaz Nuriya Bikchentaeva and director of projects of the state development corporation VEB.RF Yuri Volkov.